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7.6 KiB

A goal of this project is to port OpenSolaris in some architecture.
Most of source code is from illumos Project.

Supported Hardware


Build environment

GNU make and GCC are used for building on Linux. Building is not supported on OpenSolaris because of incompatible changes.

Following packages are required on openSUSE Leap 15.1.

zypper install git-core gcc gcc-c++ make bison flex perl-XML-Parser libopenssl-devel  \
    liblz4-devel bzip2 patch zlib-devel ncurses-devel ksh ed mkisofs dtc \
    autoconf u-boot-tools

Getting the source

git clone
cd illumos-gate
git submodule update --init

Setting the environment

You need to edit the following configuration files.


variable default value description
MACH aarch64 target architecture. aarch64, alpha and riscv64 are acceptable value.
ROOT /data/proto/root_$(MACH) build output directory. This directory is used as root directory when booting from NFS.
PIC_BASE /tmp/solaris/$(MACH)/pic output directory for temporary files


Run make in the usr/src directory.
It takes 13 minutes on my Threadripper 1950X machine.

cd usr/src
make tools
make -j



There is no installer. You can install to a storage device by following the steps below.

  1. Boot from the network (DHCP/BOOTP + TFTP + NFSv3)
  2. Partition a hard drive (or a MMC device).
  3. Initialize a file system (zfs).
  4. Extract a tar ball.

Server settings


The configuration of Vendor Class Identifier is required.

HW Vendor Class Identifier
AlphaPC 164LX SUNW.pc164lx
QEMU virt SUNW.virt
HiFive Unleashed SUNW.sifive

Example configuration for the ISC DHCP Server.

option space SUNW;
option SUNW.root-mount-options code 1 = text;
option SUNW.root-server-ip-address code 2 = ip-address;
option SUNW.root-server-hostname code 3 = text;
option SUNW.root-path-name code 4 = text;
option SUNW.swap-server-ip-address code 5 = ip-address;
option SUNW.swap-file-path code 6 = text;
option SUNW.boot-file-path code 7 = text;
option SUNW.posix-timezone-string code 8 = text;
option SUNW.boot-read-size code 9 = unsigned integer 16;
option SUNW.install-server-ip-address code 10 = ip-address;
option SUNW.install-server-hostname code 11 = text;
option SUNW.install-path code 12 = text;
option SUNW.sysid-config-file-server code 13 = text;
option SUNW.JumpStart-server code 14 = text;
option SUNW.terminal-name code 15 = text;
option SUNW.standalone-boot-uri code 16 = text;
option SUNW.standalone-boot-http-proxy code 17 = text;

subnet netmask {
	option subnet-mask;
	option broadcast-address;
	#option routers;
	#option domain-name-servers;
	option domain-name "";
	default-lease-time 14400;
	max-lease-time 172800;

	vendor-option-space SUNW;
	option SUNW.root-mount-options "rsize=32768";
	option SUNW.root-server-hostname "develop";
	option SUNW.root-server-ip-address;

	group { # id="Solaris-Alpha"
		option SUNW.root-path-name "/data/proto/root_alpha";
		host pc164lx {
			option vendor-class-identifier "SUNW.pc164lx";
			option host-name "pc164lx";
			filename "/root_alpha/platform/SUNW,pc164lx/inetboot";
			hardware ethernet 00:90:27:57:71:ac;

	group { # id="Solaris-ARMv8"
		option SUNW.root-path-name "/data/proto/root_aarch64";
		host meson {
			option host-name "meson";
			option vendor-class-identifier "SUNW.meson";
			filename "/root_aarch64/platform/SUNW,meson/inetboot";
			hardware ethernet 00:1e:06:33:77:91;

	group { # id="Solaris-RISC-V"
		option SUNW.root-path-name "/data/proto/root_riscv64";
		host virt {
			option vendor-class-identifier "SUNW.virt";
			option host-name "virt";
			filename "/root_riscv64/platform/SUNW,virt/inetboot";
			hardware ethernet 52:54:00:70:0a:e3;
		host sifive {
			option vendor-class-identifier "SUNW.sifive";
			option host-name "sifive";
			filename "/root_riscv64/platform/SUNW,sifive/inetboot";
			hardware ethernet 70:b3:d5:92:f0:95;


You need to change the tftp server directory to /data/proto.
Configure TFTP_DIRECTORY in /etc/sysconfig/tftp when using openSUSE 15.1.


Configure a NFSv3 Server.
The permission of root access to NFS is required.
The following is a sample of /etc/exports.

/data/proto/root_aarch64	*(rw,no_root_squash,insecure,sync,no_subtree_check)
/data/proto/root_alpha		*(rw,no_root_squash,insecure,sync,no_subtree_check)
/data/proto/root_riscv64	*(rw,no_root_squash,insecure,sync,no_subtree_check)


You can work with shell when booting from the network.
Please see the pages of hardware for how to boot.

dos disk label

You need to mark the solaris partition as active.

format -> fdisk

             Total disk size is 3790 cylinders
             Cylinder size is 4096 (512 byte) blocks

      Partition   Status    Type          Start   End   Length    %
      =========   ======    ============  =====   ===   ======   ===
          1                 Ext Win95         1    17      17      0
          2       Active    Solaris2         18  3789    3772    100

You need to mark the tag of the root slice as root.

format -> partition

partition> p
Current partition table (original):
Total disk cylinders available: 3772 + 0 (reserved cylinders)

Part      Tag    Flag     Cylinders        Size            Blocks
  0       root    wm       1 - 3771        7.37GB    (3771/0/0) 15446016
  1 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)           0
  2     backup    wu       0 - 3771        7.36GB    (3772/0/0) 15450112
  3 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)           0
  4 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)           0
  5 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)           0
  6 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)           0
  7 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)           0
  8       boot    wu       0 -    0        2.00MB    (1/0/0)        4096
  9 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)           0

GPT disk label

You need to use Solaris ROOT GUID (6A85CF4D-1DD2-11B2-99A6-080020736631) for the root slice.


You can work with shell when booting from the network.
You need to initialize the file system and extract a tar ball.
The following example installs to /dev/dsk/c1t0d0s0.

zpool create -f -o altroot=/mnt   rpool /dev/dsk/c1t0d0s0
zfs create rpool/ROOT
zfs create rpool/ROOT/illumos
gtar -o -xf /var/illumos.tar.gz -C /mnt/rpool/ROOT/illumos --warning=no-timestamp
chown -R dladm:netadm  /mnt/rpool/ROOT/illumos/etc/dladm
chown -R netadm:netadm /mnt/rpool/ROOT/illumos/etc/ipadm
chown -R netadm:netadm /mnt/rpool/ROOT/illumos/etc/nwam
mkdir -p /mnt/rpool/ROOT/illumos/etc/zfs
zfs unmount -a
zpool export rpool
zpool import -o cachefile=/tmp/zpool.cache -o altroot=/mnt rpool
cp /tmp/zpool.cache /mnt/rpool/ROOT/illumos/etc/zfs/
zfs unmount -a
zpool set bootfs=rpool/ROOT/illumos rpool
zpool set cachefile="" rpool
zfs set mountpoint=none   rpool
zfs set mountpoint=legacy rpool/ROOT
zfs set mountpoint=/           rpool/ROOT/illumos
zpool export rpool